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Finding the silver lining in a failed test

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Shore Shot’s Lust for Life “Lana” on an intense point. Yes, she is wearing a unicorn collar.

Most people would choose not to talk about their dog’s failure at a hunt test, much less write about it, but sweeping things under the rug is not my style. Just like when weird things came out of breeding my older GSP Ozzy (see here), I’d rather learn from the experience and share it with others.

Lana (ShoreShot’s Lust For Life) is my newest addition that I have incredibly high hopes for. She is bred to the nine’s, especially when it comes to NAVHDA: both her sire and dam are VC’s and her sire was just inducted into the GSPCA Hall of Fame (his sire is an inductee as well). She has it all: stunning looks, incredible nose, drive for days, obsession with water, and a sweet, biddable temperament. The way she was working on birds this summer, the few times I had her out, she was a little rockstar and should have been a shoe-in for a Prize I in Natural Ability. Everyone who saw her work was justifiably impressed. So, I entered her in an NA test all the way in NJ so her breeders could see her ace the test. I made the trek from KY to NJ and was incredibly confident in this 4 month old pup.

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Lana on her prep run 2 days before the test

Friday before the test, we put 5 chuckar out for her and she ran HUGE in the field, like a field trial dog and smoked all the birds in no time. I was super excited for the test. That wild field trial-like dog did not show up on Sunday. In the field portion, Lana would run about 20 yards out, look at me, run back, and repeat. In the 20 minute run she didn’t point a single bird, but peed at least 8 times. (Upon my return to KY Lana was diagnosed with a UTI which could certainly affect a 4 month old puppy’s performance) The judges even set her up for a bird but still, nothing. Let’s face it, we all bring our dogs to the line in NAVHDA with hopes of a Prize I, and to say I was disappointed is an understatement. I came off the field in tears. With no birds pointed, there can be no Prize, and this sure was a long way to travel for that kind of result. I’m a cup half full kind of girl, so there are still lessons to be learned despite that kind of overwhelming disappointment. I think these lessons are applicable no matter what dog sport you apply them to.

Lesson 1-Don’t quit.

The field portion was the first part of 3 in our NA test. I seriously thought about quitting at that point and scratching her from the test. That really would have been silly, and I’m glad I listened to others who encouraged me to finish it out. I chose to treat it as a training day and kept chugging.

Lesson 2-Emotion has no place in dog training.

This was a good reminder to keep emotions out of training. It’s really, really hard to do this sometimes. It can be hard not to take a dog’s performance or lack thereof personally. Instead, we should take these moments of time in the dog’s life as a humbling reminder that dogs are not perfect nor are we, and we should roll with the lows as well as the highs. If it’s a trained behavior that failed, we should take the opportunity to see what’s lacking in our training program rather than blame the dog. Since this was a truly “natural ability” test with not much training involved, I had no real training failure to examine but instead was reminded this was a 4 month old puppy, just a baby really!

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Lana and I waiting our turn

Lesson 3-Dogs are not machines

Dogs are living, breathing beings that are far from 100% predictable. Sometimes they just have off days, just like we do, where it’s not necessarily a reflection of your training or even a reflection of the dog herself. You can prepare and train but cannot control every thing and you have to be prepared for these off times happening when you least want it too.

Lesson 4- Listen to those who have been in the sport

This was a big takeaway for me that day, and one of the things I really really love about the NAVHDA world. SO MUCH SUPPORT. I had so many pep talks that day from complete strangers who sought me out. Several told me some of the best UT dogs had failed NA tests. One of these strangers was one who convinced me to keep in the test. Even one of the judges pulled me aside after the field portion and reminded me this test is but a moment in time in the dog’s life and not to take this to heart. I have to say, all the support from all these really great people who have had phenomenal dogs was really touching.

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Lana in her field portion of the NA test

Lesson 5—Don’t be a sore loser

Dwelling on what went wrong or the fact your dog didn’t get a prize doesn’t do you or your dog or anyone any good. Bad test days happen to the best handlers in the sport. Take the loss, learn from it, be humble, and move on. Equally important, show good sportsmanship and congratulate others and celebrate their success. One of my biggest pet peeves across all dog sports are poor sports who can’t acknowledge others.

Lesson 6-Enjoy the test!

Take the day to watch and learn from others. Despite our terrible start to the day, I really did enjoy the rest of the day. Several of Lana’s littermates were in the test as well so it was a lot of fun to watch them all run and get to know their owners. Not to mention, meeting all kinds of NAVHDA people from a new chapter—one of the things I love about testing at other chapters. I always feel welcomed at new chapters and the Del-Val NAVHDA in NJ was no exception. Plus, you are outside with your dog and other dog crazy people doing the things you all love, life could be much worse.

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It was a Shore Shot kind of day at the test!

Lesson 7—The score does not define your dog

This was the most important to me. I know what an amazing little dog I have and she is so much more than this one day of her life. I am very glad her breeders got to see her run 2 days before the test and see how incredible she truly is—they were just as shocked as I was by her lackluster run in the field. I am firmly convinced her UTI threw her off her game and had she felt 100% it would have been a completely different result. Will I run her in NA again? I’m not sure.  Regardless, she still has great things in her future, including her first season on wild birds and I can’t wait to see what kind of ride she takes me on!

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This little peanut has my heart no matter what her test record says!
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Are We Coddling Our Canines?

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Oh no, letting my 10 week old puppy Lana jump in the water–she might break!

I’ve been on the receiving end lately of some internet “dog trainers” who apparently know better about what I should be doing with my dogs than I.  I mean, clearly a snapshot of a moment in time gives strangers who have never met my dogs or me a better picture of what’s happening than real life. Unsolicited advice online is my favorite. It’s been everything from training to feeding and my personal favorite: exercise. I was recently questioned on taking my 10 month old GSD, Punk, for a run with me. While I find it incredibly rude the way people will publicly bash someone else based on a picture, and question one’s commitment and concern for the welfare of their own dog, that’s not the subject of this blog post. My question is: are we coddling our dogs?

In this day and age, dog obesity, fur mommies, and unsocialized asshole dogs are running rampant in the pet world, and that’s a topic in and of itself for another day. But even in the “dog snob” world of those who consider themselves more educated and in the know, I see just as many problems. While in the past decade alone there have been major leaps made through better food, advances in training, and products in general for dogs, I think with that has come a culture of being over cautious and even babying our dogs. I am certainly guilty in some aspects; I allow my dogs on furniture, some sleep in bed with me, and I’ve been known to put coats on my GSP’s in the winter. Those things are all pretty innocuous, but I think some coddling has potential health repercussions. In some cases we are over supplementing, over medicating, in some facets undertraining, and in my opnion, under-exercising.

Slowly more research has emerged demonstrating that hip dysplasia is much more complex and multifaceted than just a genetic disease. Environmental factors are also at play. Some of the more obvious are diet and nutrition, and dog weight. Of course putting more weight on the joints puts more strain thereby much greater risk for breaking down of joints. That’s a big DUH. Overweight dogs are bad all around for health and in my humble opinion a form of animal abuse, yet continues to be an epidemic in the pet world.

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This is ok but running to condition for this is bad??

On the other end of the spectrum is the belief that exercise is harmful. This is what I have a problem with, and where I think logic has gone out the window. So many dog people have developed this belief that exercise before the dog is a year old is unhealthy and steps are bad and I guess you should just put your dog in bubble wrap and do nothing with them? People who truly believe this have not owned a high drive, hunting or working line dog. They certainly have not had a high drive GSP. Little exercise before they are a year? Good luck with that. Here’s my high drive hunting line GSP with no exercise for ONE day at 9 months old. Please tell me more about how little I should exercise him (insert eye roll.)

I think a lot of this belief is rooted in a study that looked at environmental factors linked to the incidence of HD. What the study actually found was that light daily exercise decreased the incidence of HD, while daily use of steps increased the risk. What people forget is this study was in dogs up to THREE MONTHS OLD. Nothing in this study points to exercise under a year = very bad and causes HD. Nor does it say that dogs under a year should not go up stairs as I do often see people advising others.

More common sense is what’s needed in the dog world. Now should I be running 10 miles a day with my 10 month old GSD? Probably not. Is a 2-3 mile run at 10 minute miles going to hurt her and cause HD? Highly doubt it. If anything I think it will be good for her and help build her stamina and athleticism. Holding back on conditioning and exercising these high powered dogs and then expecting them to perform is irresponsible and failing our dogs. They need stamina and strength to do a lot of the training we ask of them, whether it be obedience, bitework, or field work. Watching out of shape dogs with big hearts and a lot of try attempting to do more than they can really pisses me off at the owners for failing their dogs. Not conditioning them and then expecting them to be weekend warriors and do these short bursts of work likely puts more strain on their joints and bodies as a whole than moderate exercise that will strengthen joints and build muscle.

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The GSP wasn’t going fast enough for the poor German Shepherd

I’ll keep on keeping on, and working my dogs as I see fit. It’s worked out fine for me so far. My first sport dog, though he now lives with my ex, is one of the most titled GSP’s in UKC and is now over 15 years old. He gets around better then dogs much younger than him despite all that horrible running and stairs he had early on in life. Haters with their fat low drive dogs: hate on.

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My old guy Oskar, very happy at nearly 15 last winter

Where Have All the Pet Dogs Gone?

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Don’t let the bowtie fool you, this is a bird obsessed working dog. Photo courtesy of Sport Dog Photography

If you’ve been paying attention to the current affairs of dog ownership, then you are well aware that the “overpopulation” of dogs in this country is a fallacy sold to the public and one that is far from true. The fact of the matter is that there is a shortage of pet dogs out there. Sure, there are pockets in the US that have higher populations of unwanted dogs, but those are often shipped into areas where shelter numbers are low or nearly nonexistent. This has set the stage for humane relocation, not just within the US from state to state but also unregulated imports of dogs from other countries as well. However, that’s a whole different can of worms outside of what I’m talking about today. I’m talking about purpose bred PET dogs. Where have they all gone?

Dog breeders have unfortunately been given a tarnished image to the general public thanks to the animal rights movement’s manipulation of the overpopulation story and the begrudgingly genius coining of the term “puppy mills.” Dog breeders have been so vilified and pushed back by the animal rights movement that as a result, they are much more selective and protective about their breeding programs than ever before. We talk about unintended consequences all the time in regards to legislation; dog breeders, as a result of improving their breeding programs, breeding less and more selectively, and narrowly screening buyers, have created their own unintended consequence of a shortage of purebred pet dogs.

One major factor to the shortage of purebred pet dogs is less dogs being bred overall, as a result of more selectivity through breeding mainly dogs for functional purposes. Breeding dogs without any titles to their name has become taboo, and so to be considered a “good” respectable breeder only dogs with show or performance titles are used for breeding.  “Pet quality” has become a derogatory term and are the dogs that are deemed not good enough for the breeding program, sold on limited registration and spay or neuter agreements to pet homes. Breeders have done this with nothing less than good intentions of doing the right thing and bettering their breed. It’s become part of the standard to be considered a responsible breeder. What has unfortunately developed are the unintended consequences that gene pools are shrinking, frequently used sires are becoming pervasive, and there are less dogs available in general, particularly to the pet owning public. While it’s become very taboo to breed a dog without a show or performance title, breeding for temperaments just for pet homes has become virtually non-existent. I’m not saying that breeders are not breeding for temperament but often the temperament being bred for in a working dog is not suitable for a pet home. Not to mention that spay and neuter has become so overwhelmingly the norm that an intact dog in a pet home is almost unheard of. The family with the lovely, even-tempered, pet Golden Retriever who decides to have a litter with the neighbor’s pet Golden down the street doesn’t happen anymore due to spaying and neutering pet dogs, breeder screening and contracts, and limited registration. This is not a stance one way or another, just an observation of facts that is contributing to the shortage of purebred pet dogs.

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My lovely working line GSD Punk. Photo courtesy Sport Dog Photography

Breeders have also justifiably become very guarded about who may purchase dogs from these few selective breedings they have worked hard to achieve. When you put years into training and titlng and health testing dogs, not to mention the money that goes into all of this, to finally have a litter, you want to ensure that these dogs are going to the right homes. Depending on the breed, often these dogs are not suitable for pet homes. My breed for example: I hope to stud my young male Sue in the future, and may be part of the foundation for my own breeding program should I find the right female down the road. This dog could NOT live in a pet home. His drive and work ethic are far too much for an average pet owner. He is perfectly suited to the kind of things I ask of him: working a field searching for birds at an all-out run, doing an independent 20 minute swimming search for a downed duck, and driven to retrieve all day long. He HAS to work everyday, and by work I do not mean a leisurely walk around the block. His temperament, drive, and energy level are certainly not conducive to a pet home. When I breed him someday it will be very selective, and would be to dam owners who have the same vision as I and will sell pups to working homes, at the very least avid hunters. It would honestly be irresponsible otherwise. A dog like Sue in a pet home would very likely end up back with the breeder if the owners follow protocol (which all too often does not happen) or would end up dumped at a shelter due to behavior issues (the REAL reason for many dogs in shelters, not overbreeding as many believe).

The truth is, the average American pet dog owner doesn’t really care about show or performance titles; those letters, as much as they mean to us purebred dog people, are essentially meaningless to most pet owners. They want dogs that are easy to live with; easily trainable and easily managed. To me this translates to low drive, low energy, and high biddability. Many want little or easy grooming. Somehow all of this has given “doodles” the corner on the pet market because the public has been sold a story of easy dogs that don’t shed and are allegedly healthy because of being hybrid (all of this is untrue—being half poodle does not make them 100% non shedding and putting two breeds together with health problems does not cancel out their health problems and in fact compounds them). But these breeders have an edge on the market because these dogs are being bred and marketed SOLELY for pet purposes. Whether they are actually fulfilling that role is certainly debatable, but they are some of the few types of dogs being bred simply to be sold as pets.

What is the solution? Breeding for pets in many breeds and types of dogs outside of the companion breeds has become a shameful undertaking in the purebred dog world. Perhaps it is time to re-evaluate and re-think purebred dog breeding.  Breeding for the pet market might be vital to keeping some of these breeds alive. If someone is breeding healthy pet dogs, just because they aren’t show champions or field trial winners does not make them wrong. People need pets! Just as importantly, we need to re-think our attitudes about commercial breeders because many are doing just that. The pet market still wants purebred dogs that we are not providing; the commercial breeders CAN and ARE. If we want a future with purebred dogs in it and as a part of the general public we might need these commercial breeders to help fulfill the pet market need.

We as purebred breeders have fallen just as victim to the fallacies sold by animal rights by vilifying commercial breeders and even referring to them by the emotionally coined term “puppy mills”, shutting them out of our elite world. It makes me cringe to see fellow breeders using that term. I think it’s time to get off that elite high horse. If we want to see a future with purebred dogs in it and defend ourselves against the bombardment of anti-breeding legislation, we need to support and EDUCATE each other. This is not to say I don’t have a problem with someone crossing basic pets and marketing them as something they are not, such as unproven GSP’s being marketed as hunting dog, because that makes me crazy. But if a breeder breeds and markets them as pets? I’m thinking we need more of this. I’d rather see two healthy well tempered Golden Retriever pet quality dogs being bred rather than someone making Goldendoodles from poorly bred Goldens and Poodles, or worse, bringing a rescue back from Mexico with who knows what diseases and parasites. So long as healthy dogs are being bred in safe, humane, clean conditions, and just as importantly, HONESTLY marketed, isn’t that preferable? To keep purebred dogs relevant and wanted and part of American culture, I think pet breeders are a necessary part of that future.

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My farm bred little Australian Cattle Dog Carly

E Collars, Prongs, and Clickers: OH MY!

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Sue showing some amazing self control at a training day at K9 Motivation

I’ve gone through many different phases and methods of dog training over the years, running the full gamut from compulsion, old school, force obedience training all the way to trying out purely positive. I’ve come out on the other end learning from all of them and finding some use or lesson from each. I consider myself to be a well-balanced trainer with a vast toolbox of various tools at my disposal to help me TRAIN THE DOG IN FRONT OF ME.

 

My first dog training experience was in 4-H and doing obedience classes with my Doberman/Rottie mix in grade school, under a compulsion trainer. What I have learned from compulsion training was primarily a lot of what not to do. I don’t believe in training a dog by pure pressure, and not necessarily because of the discomfort a dog might face, although that is a valid concern, but because I don’t think a dog learns the desired behavior as well as they do from positive reinforcement. With force based training, the dog trying to shut the pressure off, doing so hurriedly because of their discomfort and not necessarily thinking it through. I don’t think these lessons learned sink in quite so well with these methods. However, corrections are sometimes necessary once the dog understands the behavior asked of them, and compulsion trainers have taught me about timing those corrections, and to how use them judiciously.

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Carly back in her younger days

Later in life, I met some truly amazing disc dog trainers who introduced me to purely positive training and got me into the sport of disc with my Australian Cattle Dog Carly. I think there is a place for this, but I have never been 100% on board with this. While I went through a phase of using no “aversives,” I have never eliminated telling my dogs “no.” I have learned a TON about operant conditioning, and again, proper timing. Timing is equally important in dog training in BOTH rewarding correct behavior and in doling out corrections.  This is why training is so hard for many pet people and even many trainers: timing on both corrections and rewards are hard to perfect. I gained a lot of knowledge from working with various positive trainers and still call myself a mostly positive trainer. I use operant conditioning and a lot of clicker work in introducing behaviors and laying foundations. I firmly believe dogs learn so much better with operant conditioning, whether it be through shaping or luring. Behaviors are learned in smaller increments and chaining, and the dog thinks more, puzzles out what is being asked in order to get the thing they desire. More thinking, reasoning, and logic is involved to help truly imprint the behavior. Once those behaviors are understood and well-practiced is when I will employ corrections to ensure they continue and to further perfect the behaviors. This is where my aversives come into play.

 

For a while, I really wanted to prove that pointing dogs can be trained and finished without e-collars, using mostly positive methods. This came about because the pointing dog world seems to be the last to come on board with recognizing and using positive reinforcement. I got so much opposition I became stubborn about it, and lost sight of really getting things accomplished with my dogs. I still think it can be done, but takes more skill, time, and patience than I have. I have still laid much of the foundation work with Sue with positive work, more so than traditional bird dog training. But I have changed my views on e-collars and finally own one. I’ve come round to see I shouldn’t dislike the tool itself, because it’s all in how the tool is used. I personally don’t think an e-collar should be used to the point it’s causing a dog actual pain and crying out, but I see it all the time in the bird dog world. ALL. THE. TIME. It pisses me off and it is everything that gives the tool a bad rap and turned me off from using one. If a dog is blowing off a correction on an e-collar, it’s pretty likely that your training is lacking and something in the chain has been missed by the dog. Putting the dog into pain is not going to fix that miscommunication between handler and dog, but may actually damage the relationship and trust.

 

But, so too can any other tool. I’ve seen dogs hit the end of a check cord to be jerked so harshly the dog flips on its back hard enough to have the wind knocked out of it. Hell, I’ve seen a clicker used as punishment—a “trainer” paired the clicking with physical corrections! Any tool can certainly be abused, but I daresay an e-collar has the greatest potential for misuse. A trainer loses his or her temper and all they have to do is turn it up and hit a button and they can unleash as much pain as kicking or hitting the dog. An e-collar holds a lot of power and requires self-control on the part of the handler, and more trainers should be mindful of that power they hold in their hand. We ask a lot of self-control and restraint from our dogs, we owe them that same courtesy.

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Sue with the ultimate reward of a bird in his mouth,can’t say the live chukar feels the same way! Photo courtesy Sport Dog Photography

I’m currently using an e-collar on Sue to reinforce his retrieve, and on his flank to get him steady on birds. The level on his flank is so low that I can’t even feel it when tested on my wrist. But the pressure is there to tell him to stop; the pressure stops when he does. In both instances, I introduced and taught the behavior using positive reinforcement. I trained a retrieve using a clicker, so he’s never been what I would call “force fetched.” He has had a trained retrieve. He was taught the behavior using a clicker, and once he fully understood fetch and hold, has had pressure and corrections to reinforce those commands. Same with “whoa.” Also with heeling—that was introduced through shaping and luring; now that he understands, I use a prong collar to reinforce and also to perfect his heelwork.

 

Now is this the case for every dog? Absolutely not. A good trainer must read and train the dog in front of her. I would never put a prong or an e-collar on my Australian Cattle Dog Carly; she doesn’t need it and would probably shut down under pressure.  She’s incredibly food motivated and so eager to learn and work. At the same time, her work is very different than the primal driven work of a bird dog. Bird dogs we are asking them to work off of primal instincts hardwired and bred into them, but at the same time we ask them to show a lot of self-restraint and control to be steady. To get that control we have to override their incredibly strong motivation for prey: for the most part nothing we have is going to rank higher than wanting birds. No cookies, no toys. So, here is where pressure is needed. Not pain inducing pressure, but pressure to maintain control and assist the dog in restraint. Whoa work with Sue is a prime example. NOTHING ELSE is going to get him to restrain himself and stop when a bird flushes in front of him and is shot. He’s not going to reason that out and think, hey, if I stand still through this I will get a cookie. He doesn’t WANT a cookie. He needs that pressure to learn the lesson that bird flying = stand still. Some pressure is the only thing that will override his prey drive to chase the bird in front of him because that’s all that is in his brain at that point. No cookie or other reward can top that.

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Sue learning steady with a flank collar

As a trainer, I am continually learning. Any trainer who thinks they have all the answers and it’s their way or the highway is delusional and not someone I want to train with. We should all be open to learning new methods and working to find the best ways to train each dog as an individual. That is one of the key factors to remember: each dog is an individual and a good trainer not only has a vast toolbox of methods and tools available to them, but is skilled in reading dogs to tailor what will work to bring out the best in that individual dog. It’s not the tools themselves that matter so much, but the ability and talent of the trainer holding those tools.

The “Sporting” Group of Westminster

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Ozzy showing form and function both in the field
Watching Westminster last night, the “sporting” group in particular, and my subsequent post on Facebook about it along with the ensuing arguments and comments, really got me thinking. When I get to thinking on things dog like this it inspires me to write, and I have a lot of thoughts on the so-called “sporting” dogs that paraded around the ring on television last night.

As I am clearly very passionate about German Shorthaired Pointers, the “sporting” group is my favorite, but last night I was very disappointed by the group overall. I keep putting “sporting” in quotations because I didn’t see a whole lot of dogs that looked very sporting to me. There were so many extremes and vast divides in breeds from field to what was in the ring last night. The Labrador was grossly obese and looked like it was tired and out of breath after a trot around the ring—a far cry from the working retrievers that are fit athletes built to go all day through harsh conditions on endless retrieves. The Golden had better hair that most beauty pageant competitors, hair that would be an absolute nightmare in either water for duck retrieves or the woods and fields of upland work. The setter breeds were caricatures of their working brethren who are kings of the grouse woods and masters over field trials. Including the Reserve Best in Show winner, the Irish Setter, seen here: flowing locks hanging from a long giraffe neck, sloping topline, and over angulated rear. OVERDONE, in my humble opinion. Irish Setters are RARELY seen as actual working hunting dogs any more, and when you do come across one in the woods or at a trial, they are called Red Setters because: 1.) their owners don’t want them lumped in with the dumb non-hunting dogs the breed has become and 2.) they have crossed in hunting line English Setters to bring back instinct and ability. Oh and then the American Cocker spaniels…I don’t even know where to start with this “sporting” breed. When was the last time they were ever used to hunt birds? They couldn’t make it 10 feet into the woods with those coats; hell apparently they aren’t even allowed to poop on regular ground for fear of messing up their lovely coats and have to go on grates.

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A lovely field Llewellin (English) Setter, courtesy of Kyle Warren and Paint River Llewellins
Now, I am not saying EVERYTHING in the “sporting” ring was non functional. There were some very nice dogs in there, like my own breed, that you cannot discern from just looks as to how functional they actually are. The GSP, GWP, Spinone, Welsh Springer Spaniel, Irish Water Spaniel, and the Wirehaired Vizsla to name a few, all looked balanced, not overdone, and like dogs you might see working. However, I saw very few with any hunting or any kind of performance titles. I fully understand these dogs may have titles with other venues therefore not shown on their AKC registered name aired on TV. An example of this is the Wirehaired Vizsla (which was a lovely dog and my personal favorite in that ring) who has titles with NAVHDA and CKC. I am fairly certain that NAVHDA titles are now recognized by AKC and I would think that in campaigning a dog primarily in AKC, you want to make sure that the title was added to the dog’s name. But I looked a few others up at least in NAVHDA as I was watching and came up empty. Dogs like the WV are unfortunately the exception and not the rule when it comes to dogs showing at this level earning hunting titles.

What’s in a title? Well, whether it be a hunt test or trial it tells you that dog has at least some natural ability and instinct. The higher the title, the more significant, and higher titles also speak to the trainability of that dog. Some will argue titles can be meaningless if you can test a dog over and over and over to get passes, blah blah blah. While that may happen, overall the testing systems and trialing are evaluations of instinct and ability and tells you at least a little something about the dog on paper. When I brought up the fact that there were few dogs with hunting titles in the “sporting” ring, some posters responded with arguments that dogs can be fantastic hunters with no titles. Of course they can. But how does that preserve the pedigree and future for you? With no hunting titles on the dog, what will that tell people about the dog generations from now when reading pedigrees? All well and good for the present and for locals who can see the dog work in person, but it doesn’t put anything on paper for the future. I say if your dog has the hunting ability and instinct and you want to help preserve the breed, get out there and prove it for the future through some titles. Those who poo-poo testing and titles are typically those who either have never done it with their dogs or CAN’T. I’d even say some testing venues ask more of a dog than they might actually do in the field. I’ve seen some great working hunting dogs that can seriously find birds that couldn’t pass a basic hunt test due to various factors—disobedience, not steady, can’t mark fallen birds, and/or won’t retrieve. These requirements in hunt tests are not just for shits and giggles—they are part of game conservation. I can’t stand when people lose shot birds because of shitty dog work.

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Ozzy working on his Started Hunting Retriever title
On the flip side, I do have to say something about some field bred dogs when it comes to conformation. They can go far to the other extreme. While I’ve seen a lot of wonderfully put together athletic dogs in the field, I have also seen some absolute atrocities. Dogs that are so messed up in their build they are getting around purely on heart, but likely suffering in pain and early arthritis from poor build like wide fronts, elbows turned out, little angulation in the front and rear, and pasterns down on the ground. It’s why we need a balance, why both worlds of conformation AND function are equally important. But, the world of conformation needs to be brought more into reality for all breeds and groups with a stronger idea of function in mind in evaluating every single breed, rather than fads and popular looks.

Is there a solution? I don’t think there’s an easy fix. Some of these breeds are too far gone to be reclaimed to their original purpose and function, like the American Cockers. Perhaps they should be re-classified into another group. Other breeds, such as the English Setter and the Labrador, are so vastly divided, I don’t know how to bring them back to a happy medium. The field people won’t bring their dogs to the ring and most of those show bred dogs aren’t going to hunt. Then there are breeds such as mine that don’t have an obvious physical divide. Breed clubs control the breed standards, but I’d like to see AKC putting pressure on them to push more performance, hunting, and function. That’s at least a step in the right direction.

UKC is far from perfect, but they do have a Total Dog program, where dogs showing in conformation are awarded for performance as well. Total Dog Best in Show at Premier is the pinnacle of the weekend. For those unfamiliar with Total Dog—dogs must have a conformation win and also a performance qualifier to obtain the award. At Premier, a hunting title is a buy-in now for performance as there are no hunt tests at the event. I’d LOVE to see AKC adopt a similar program and award. It would be a huge step in the right direction in putting the “sporting” back into some of these hunting breeds. Ideally, I’d love to see performance or hunt titles eventually as a pre-requisite to becoming a CH or a GRCH, though we are a long long ways from that. But a girl can dream.

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That headpiece tho

Prois technical hunting and field apparel for women: take pride in not being one of the guys!

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I’m going to take a departure from dogs here and write about Prois, a company that makes a line of hunting clothing for women. But it’s so much more than that.

I have a clothing addiction and am a clothes snob. In my life outside of hunting and dog stuff, I LOVE fashion; it’s definitely a form of expression for me. Female hunters have very little to choose from out there when it comes to real, functional hunting clothing. I’m not talking about that gimmicky pink camo stuff. And don’t get me wrong, I love me some cheesy pink camo, but not for real use. Women either have to wear men’s stuff that makes us look like giant bag ladies and makes me want to vomit, or wear crappy women’s stuff that’s shoddily made or not functional in most cases. Prois has been the exception.

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Before Prois–yikes!! Those pants, ewww.

I got into Prois a little over a year ago, when a fellow female bird hunter recommended me as hunt staff with them not so much for my hunting, but for all the bird dog hunt tests, trials, and other competitions I do with my dogs. I have been hooked from the beginning! Yes, some of their stuff can be pricey, but you get what you pay for. When you are out sitting in a duck blind at 5 am and it’s 25 degrees out and raining, do you want the cheap crap or the better quality clothing that keeps you both warm and dry? If you’ve been out there in the cheap stuff you appreciate the good stuff so much more. Not only is Prois clothing super functional but it is made for women and fits wonderfully. Why shouldn’t we look good while outdoors doing what we love? Fit isn’t just important for looks either, but for functionality and comfort as well. Prois is changing the look of the female hunter. No, we don’t want to be those dumbasses posing in bikinis with shotguns and fishing poles, but I for one appreciate still looking respectably feminine while being comfortable. When I’m hunting, I want to focus on the dogs in front of me and not be distracted by discomfort or shitty clothes.

My favorite piece I’ve gotten so far has been the Galeann Rain Jacket. Super super light weight but still surprisingly warm. Cut to skim the female figure in slender fit, but you can still flayer underneath. So, it’s lightweight to wear early season but you can layer and stay warm, and more importantly, DRY, when it gets colder. Hell, I just wore it a few weeks ago in JANUARY in Michigan on a long hike in the rain with my pups. It is impervious to the wet. The hood is super roomy to fit big hair or hats underneath. The jacket stows away in its own pocket. It’s available in solid, non-camo colors for streetwear for non hunters as well. I HIGHLY recommend it.

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Not just for the field: the Galeann kept me dry in a downpour at dock jumping. Goes well with lace shorts too!

But Prois goes beyond the clothing. There’s a posse. I was welcomed into a group of women, a tribe of hunters, who support and empower each other. We are from all over the country and all genres of hunting, all walks of life, but we all share a passion for the outdoors and conservation. I can count on our posse of bad ass women to give me daily laugh; the wit and humor in this group is right up my alley. The collective hunting accomplishments amongst these women is astounding, and I am proud to be a small part of it. I never thought so much would come from supporting a line of hunting clothing.

Take pride in not being one of the guys, indeed.

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The viral “A Dog’s Purpose” video: should we be calling this abuse?

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So many people are absolutely losing their minds over this video of a German Shepherd being put into a pool during filming of “A Dog’s Purpose.” I just don’t have this same visceral reaction to it quite frankly. Maybe I’m in the minority, but every single piece of viral news or clickbait makes me super critical and asking questions. Too few people in this day and age of instantaneous information question what they see and read. The video itself is not bothering me but the knee jerk emotional reaction I’ve witnessed by so many IS. Several people have messaged me about this asking my opinion. I’m not sure that the opinion of this keyboard cowgirl matters but here it is.

First of all, if this dog was actually in danger or the person who has released this was truly concerned for the dog’s welfare, why are they just now sharing it? Why not at the time it was happening? Why not report this alleged abuse to the authorities? PETA has sure latched right onto it which immediately makes me suspicious—attaching the name PETA to anything just discredits it for me. PETA is urging people to boycott the film, and I’m saddened to see many fellow dog owners and trainers sharing this PETA sentiment. PETA is opposed to merely owning a dog so they are opposed to everything we are about. The fact no one reported this when it happened makes me seriously question the validity of their concern for the dog. This video is being shared not to improve the dog’s situation but to make someone look bad. The clips shown are only a portion of the real story, I’m sure. It’s essentially impossible to make an actual judgement of the situation with only what whoever has released this wants you to see.

My opinion on the clipped snapshot we are given: it is bad training. The dog should have been better prepared and acclimated for the situation. Perhaps another drivier animal should have been used. However, we are only given a snippet of what’s going on here. Dogs ARE animals and maybe, for whatever reason, he wasn’t feeling like doing it that day when he normally would. To be quite honest, I have seen dogs far more stressed out at dock jumping events. I’m not talking about the regulars or real competitors, but speaking more to events where the public can come try it and they bring their pets who hardly even leave the house and expect them to be Michael Jordans. I’ve witnessed super obese pet dogs that live on the couch being forced up the steps to the dock exhibiting way more stress than this particular dog. I’ve seen people dragging dogs on the ramp into the water, practically choking them, trying to force dogs into water who have never even swam before. People who think that their dog splashing in a kiddy pool in the back yard somehow translates into fearlessly leaping into a pool of clear water. Are these people abusive? Probably not. Complete and total morons that I want to bitch slap, yes, but abusive, no.

And this may sound harsh, but what is wrong with some stress and discomfort? Why is there this disillusioned idea that dogs should exist in a perfect world of sunshine and rainbows? It goes to the same notion that all dogs should be friends with all other dogs all the time. (These are typically the same people who refer themselves as pet parents to their fur babies. I just threw up in my mouth.)  I find it fascinating that the people who tend to have these ideas are the people who anthropomorphize dogs, but they do so very selectively. They want to humanize dogs only when it comes to the things that make us happy but not when it comes to the reality. No humans love every single other human: why should we expect the same of our dogs? Nor do we live lives without any discomfort or stress….again, why should our dogs? We all have to sometimes do things we don’t want to, or not get what we want; this goes for dogs too.

I don’t think the dog’s welfare was ever in any danger. Even if he did slip under water the pool was surrounded by people to jump in and pull him from the water. Is it tantamount to abuse? No. Is it super shitty training and handling? Absolutely. But anyone calling this abuse is doing the entire world of dog training a disservice. If that’s abuse, then what about prong collars or e collars? What about restraining a bird dog on a check cord? Let’s not even get into what happens to birds in bird dog training. Look closely at my picture above of Sue on point: he’s in training to be steady on birds, and has an e collar on his belly. Abuse to some who don’t understand it, appropriate use of a training tool to others who do understand. (And for my friends who don’t know how this is used: I tested the stimulation level on my own wrist before putting it on Sue and it was such that I couldn’t feel it. At all.)

My point is, this is opening a very bad door to a very slippery slope if people want to jump on the train that is making a snap judgement and labeling it abuse. Dog people need to take a breath, step back, and look at this logistically rather than emotionally reacting and contributing to the forces that would classify much so much dog training as “abuse.”

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Some might label dressing your boy dog in drag as “abuse”

Are German Shorthaired Pointers headed towards a great divide?

All Rights Reserved Copyright David Veldman 2015
Sue and I on a cold day in March, photo courtesy SportDog Photography
I recently added a working line German Shepherd to my pack, and am slowly learning the breed. What is clear and evident to even the most novice dog person is the vast divide within the breed between showing and working dogs. I fear that German Shorthaired Pointers are heading in the same direction. It’s not yet so evident to the naked eye, i.e. not as clear in appearance as it is in the GSD, but like any breed divide, has just as much potential for damage to the breed. Look at so many other gun dogs with the divide: English Setters, Irish Setters, English Pointers, Labradors, English Cocker Spaniels, just to name a few, look like two different breeds from field bred to the show ring. It’s not just looks either that are vastly different, but temperament, drive, natural ability, instincts, and work ethic.

 

Focusing on one aspect of a dog breed, in my opinion, does it a great disservice. That  goes to both sides of the coin. Speaking specifically to GSP’s, we are developing several types in the US: show bred, field trial, German bred (Deutsch Kurzhaars), and what I will call the versatiles. Now, I am sure there are exceptions in every type, I am just generalizing what I have seen overall firsthand in my experience. I’m sure many will disagree and get butthurt but this is MY blog for MY musings and opinions. These are my personal observations on what I see happening to my breed that I am extremely passionate about. A breed that has not been ruined yet by extremes as so many others have, and we need to maintain that vitality.

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GCH Vjk-Myst Garbonita’s California Journey GCC, the 2016 Westminster winner
Let’s look at show bred GSP’s first. Show bred German Shorthaired Pointers can be beautiful dogs. These dogs are bred to the show judges’ interpretations of the breed standard and most are bred solely for looks: correct angulation, flawless movement, the right color that’s trending, etc. The part of the breed standard they are most often sorely lacking however, is the working ability. Many show bred dogs never ever smell an upland bird, much less actually hunt one or retrieve. In my view, this is just as bad as breeding a bad bite or straight shoulders. Just recently seeing the list of the top 50 AKC GSP’s illustrates this. One or two Master Hunters and some Junior Hunters. I don’t hold much stock in a JH title, I could probably put a JH on my Australian Cattle Dog.  The GSP was created, first and foremost, to be a versatile bird dog. Form follows function, and when you lose sight of function, form also gets skewed. That’s what I see with a lot of show dogs: too much unnecessary angulation, big dogs with too much substance, and worst of all, FAT or soft dogs that wouldn’t last too long at any kind of work. This is an embarrassment to one of the most athletic breeds, one of the jocks of the dog world. In fact I can’t even wrap my head around how this is accomplished. I find it hard to keep weight on my boys and they are both very muscular and toned with not a ton of exercise. Another downside I’ve seen, and this may be just my personal experience, is some nasty temperaments on show bred dogs that I don’t see in hunting dogs. I think the increased prevalence for this is because a nasty temperament will not work in the field, either with the humans OR working with other dogs.

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A well put together field trial winning GSP
Field trial dogs are the opposite end of the spectrum. These dogs are bred solely for performance and sport, and very specific performance at that. While they are bred solely for function, the form is often very off. I see a lot of poor conformation in field trial lines: wide fronts with elbows turned out, weird snipey heads, and teeny tiny dogs well under the low end of the breed standard. It has always amazed me that these dogs can do well with such poor conformation, it really speaks to heart in these dogs. These dogs are bred with so much focus on winning, meaning they need to run big, be super fast, and beat the upland specialists that many have lost sight of breed type. So much so these dogs often look like diminuitive cousins of the show bred dogs. This type has experienced the heaviest illegal influence of English Pointers into our breed over the years too. EP’s dominate the field trial world, and it wasn’t hard to slip some winning EP blood into the GSP field lines. It’s quite apparent in their appearance and build, and is the reason for the lemon colored GSP’s that crop up from time to time. This is another downside to breeding to extremes: not only has breed type been lost, but the breed is diluted by underhanded cross breeding.

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DK’s must retrieve a fox in one of their tests. Photo credit Catrinel Pauna
Then we have the German bred dogs, the DK’s. There’s a lot of good to these dogs, and what people are trying to accomplish with them in the US is admirable. These dogs have FCI registration and straight German pedigrees. They follow the strict German requirements: dogs have to pass hunt testing standards and have hips certified before they may be bred. I believe they have some sort of conformation evaluation but I honestly don’t know much about it. All of this is well and good but I have a few issues with it. The complete closure of the studbooks is limiting. Unless DK breeders continuously import new dogs the gene pool will quickly shrink, which is never a good thing. I have a hard time with the fact that even if my German Shorthaired Pointer passed their testing system and had excellent hips, he doesn’t count because he doesn’t have an FCI/German pedigree (even though you go back just a few generations and it takes you right to Germany.) This is short sighted and close minded and limiting. And don’t even get me started on the name and the sense of superiority these people have with it. You meet one at a training session and here’s what ensues:

Me: “That’s a lovely GSP.”

DK owner: “He’s not a GSP he’s a DK.”

Me, walking away biting my tongue: “Mkay.”

In my head: “DK is German for GERMAN SHORTHAIRED POINTER. Calm your tits. We aren’t in Germany–is your dog AKC registered as well as FCI? Then it’s listed as a GERMAN SHORTHAIRED POINTER. Same goddam thing, stop being a pretentious cockpocket.”

**There are many DK and DD owners I love, but y’all deserve getting a hard time for your pretentious brethren 🙂

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INT CH VC Sharp Shooter’s Man in Black MH, the top producing NAVHDA sire of any breed and Sue’s grandaddy, a legit bad ass
Finally, we have my personal favorites: the versatiles. These are dogs tested in the NAVHDA system, which I am clearly a huge proponent and supporter of. In my humble opinion, it’s the best thing available to American GSP’s to keep them true to their origins. It’s based off of the German testing system, in fact created by Germans and adapted for what Americans were doing with the dogs. Another way it’s Americanized is there nothing REQUIRED about it. It’s something for breeders to strive for and not forced upon them. It tests dogs for both upland and waterfowl, with a physical exam for basics included as well. Critics of testing commonly state that one of their problems with testing system is that dogs may take several times to pass before obtaining a title. These critics are typically people who have never tried the testing or have had dogs fail. Testing multiple times and hiding it may be an issue in other venues, but one of the things I love so very much about NAVHDA are the public records you can use to make wise choices about breeding. You can look up a dog not only to see how many times they tested before passing but you can look up each test specifically to see the breakdown of how the dog scored on each portion. Don’t know how many other testing or trialing systems have such an amazing tool available to them.

All Rights Reserved Copyright David Veldman 2015
My versatile who I have high hopes to follow in his granddaddy’s footsteps, Sue. Photo courtesy SportDog photography 
What NAVHDA lacks is a conformation aspect. I would not want them to try to add conformation because that’s not what the organization is about. However, I would love to see them team up with a registry, specifically UKC, to recognize dogs that title with NAVHDA and finish in the UKC ring. Why UKC? Because it’s the only venue I see in the US where working dogs are truly recognized. Not only that, all the less common NAVHDA breeds, such as the Munsterlanders and Pudelpointers, are recognized by UKC and likely do not want AKC recognition. It is FAR from perfect, and I am sure I will still struggle with showing a working line GSD in UKC. But, where she would get essentially kicked out of the ring in AKC there ARE judges in UKC that refuse to reward the extreme show line dogs and reward function instead.

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My function bred GSP Sue who finished to Champion in 2 shows and is currently ranked in UKC’s top ten as a Grand Champion
Both of my GSP’s are what I would call versatile bred. They come from a breeder who breeds for function. He is a lifetime NAVHDA member, and hunts intensely all over the UP of Michigan, Canada, and the Dakotas every fall. Our NAVHDA chapter trains weekly on his property and he dedicates not only his land but his time to training weekly. He’s never shown dogs. However, he adheres to the breed standard and maintains type, and I’ve been able to pretty easily finish both of my function bred versatile GSP’s to Grand Champion. They’ve even both won Best in Shows and beat some winning AKC Grand Champion crossovers. This is what I strive for with my GSP’s—dogs who both excel at what they were bred to do while maintain breed type without falling victim to trends. Further, they aren’t meant to be specialists, they are more jack of all trades but master of none. If you want an upland specialist, you might want to consider an English Pointer or a Setter; if you are a serious duck hunter you might want to go with a Lab or a Chessie. You want a dog you can duck hunt in the morning in October and go out and grouse hunt with in the afternoon? GSP all the way.

Now what of people who have no desire to hunt whatsoever but just love the breed, want an active pet, and still play other games with them? I have mixed feelings on this. I myself am guilty of this with my first GSP. He is what made me fall in love with the breed, and he got me addicted to dog sports. This dog did not lack in activity; I traveled the country with him competing in dock jumping. But seeing his drive and heart made me feel guilty I did not get him into hunting. Later in life when I got my second GSP, Ozzy, that I jumped full force into NAVHDA with, I did finally take Oskar on a preserve hunt. However, the difference with Oskar is that he was neutered. I never intended to breed him. GSP’s are fine for pets in ACTIVE homes, but I don’t think dogs who are not contributing to the improvement of the WHOLE breed standard, both form AND function, should really be bred. I’m sure many will disagree, but that’s my personal philosophy. Breeding dogs who cannot prove their ability to do what the breed was created for and still used for, does nothing to preserve and maintain the breed. It is imperative to keep the bird in bird dogs!

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Sue takes versatile to new heights. Photo courtesy Express Yourself Unleashed, Cheryl Baase

Schutzhund for a Bird Dog??

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A great day in the grouse woods up north with my two favorite boys

2016 did not hold any hunt tests in the cards for Sue, but a TON of training and a great season this past fall in the woods. Work on wild birds is the best education you can get for a young bird dog and Sue got to learn a ton from grouse and woodcock, making him more careful and thoughtful on point. He only competed a total of 4 weekends of UKC conformation shows but that still earned him a Best in Show, a Reserve Best in Show, a Grand Champion title, and ranking in the Top Ten GSP’s in the US. Conformation is all well and good and an important part of the Total Dog philosophy but for me personally it’s icing on the cake. Training and working is what both Sue and I truly love. It was still a great year for him but I have high hopes for 2017 through performance sports.

One of my major focuses for this upcoming year for Sue will be Schutzhund training. Schutzhund, for those that don’t know, is the testing system for working German Shepherd Dogs. But for a hunting bird dog—what?? I have many reasons for this. First, we are working towards a BH, which is hard core obedience for a GSP. Lots of very technical heeling, sits, downs, stays, and working through distractions. No matter what kind of working dog you have, this kind of obedience is a fantastic foundation for everything. To me it’s like dressage; no matter what kind of riding you do, basic dressage is a foundation that betters all genres of riding, from western to showjumping and even racing. Fine-tuned and precise obedience work for dogs helps to clarify focus, sharpen the mind, and translates to all other obedience work. While focused heeling and whoa work on birds are not directly correlated, having that focus and willingness to learn in heeling will make the obedience of steadiness on birds easier to teach.

I want nothing less than a Prize I for Sue in NAVHDA Utility, and much of Utility is obedience. I already know he’s got the natural ability on birds; Utility is a matter of shaping and fine tuning that natural ability and drive into a well-polished bird hunting and game conserving machine. Not to mention, Utility DOES involve a heel course. If Sue and I walk into the heel course with a fancy focused Schutzhund heel, the NAVHDA judges will be blown away! (The heeling required is only a loose heel on a loose lead.) Utility is a TON of self control: remain in the blind through shots, working through distraction shots at the line, steadiness in the field, and lots of obedient and solid retrieves. Yet the dog must still demonstrate a great deal of independence through the duck search, field work, and the drag. Doing Schutzhund will certainly only help with Sue’s obedience and self control for Utility.

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Sue and his new baby sister Punk

 

Another reason I’m getting into it with my GSP is to learn the sport for my up and coming working line German Shepherd puppy, Punk Von Risden Haus. Learning about the sport with a non-traditional breed that is harder to teach this stuff to will only make it easier to train a dog bred for it. I’m learning different training methods, what’s required for titles, what judges will be looking for in competition, and most importantly, what things I am doing wrong. By the time I start working with Punk in earnest, I might actually kind of know what I’m doing! My bird dog can be my guinea pig into this world of elite training.

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Far from perfect position but we have focus

Which leads to my final reason for doing this: it will just be fun to bring a non traditional breed before judges in this sport and hopefully doing it well! He will not be the first GSP to try Schutzhund but they are pretty far from common. We already enjoy being the oddballs in other venues: GSP’s in disc, black GSP’s in the show ring, and GSP’s playing retriever games in HRC.  I have a great trainer and coach to teach us (and Punk’s breeder), Nick Risden, who oddly enough has his foundation in bird dogs so I am sure he will be a great help beyond Schutzhund training into some of the bird dog specific work as well. This will be yet another fun challenge that I am sure Sue is more than able to meet: it’s up to me as a trainer to take him there.

Tri-Color GSPs?

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Edit: it has come to my attention that this blog post is being shared and used as another reason to vote against black dogs being accepted into the AKC standard. To clarify, the gene is not affiliated with black dogs and has shown up just as much, if not more in liver dogs. Tan markings has absolutely nothing to do with the color black. Please read on for a full understanding.

Dogs are not only my hobby and love, but also my livelihood and profession. It is pretty clear to anyone who knows me that I am passionate about dogs in general, especially the German Shorthaired Pointer. As a dog owner and trainer, I am constantly learning and evolving, as we all should be. None of us knows it all. I try to soak up everything I can when it comes to this breed, and a recent learning opportunity fell right into my lap: color.
As an owner of black GSP’s, I have always been very intrigued by their color history. Although it’s still somewhat a controversy in this country, black GSP’s have long been a part of the breed in Germany and are accepted under their breed standard. Also accepted are yellow/tan markings. I have often wondered about the tan markings, but never really learned much about it because I have never seen it, so I suppose “out of sight, out of mind.” That changed recently for me when little tan markings appeared in a litter produced by my stud dog Ozzy. Although I knew they were permitted under the German and UKC standards, it was still quite shocking and, I will admit, upsetting when I first saw them.

This drove me to find out everything I could about these markings: where they come from, the genetics, what can and should be done, and learning more about pedigrees. I’ve talked to a lot of people in the breed, geneticists, the past president of UKC, and UC Davis. I’ve learned a lot in a short amount of time. The main thing I have learned is that there is a lot of shaming and stigma associated with this coloring, which is very unfortunate and results in a lot of secrecy and sweeping these under the rug. As such, I won’t “out” any of the kennels who have shared information with me, but personally I am choosing to instead be open about this and share what I have learned, so we can better understand what is undeniably present in our dogs’ gene pool.

History

I am not going to go deep into the history of our breed; there are plenty of books out there that do that much more in-depth than is necessary to this discussion. And honestly, the history on this particular coloring is a lot of conjecture BECAUSE it has been so hush-hush. I suspect a lot more information about it would be available in Germany. Early pictures of GSP’s were quite heavy and very houndy dogs, developed from the St Hubert Hound and the Spanish Pointer. Tri-color or tan points is a common pattern in most hound breeds. There was a tri-colored pointing dog called the Wurttemburger  that disappeared just after WWI that never had a separate stud book and was registered in the GSP stud book. Also added to the mix were the German tracking hound, English Foxhound, and English Pointer (I am talking early in development of the breed and not in the past 50 years—that’s a whole separate can of worms). With all this hound influence, it should really be no surprise that tan markings can exist.

I see the term “Gelber brand” discussed a lot, but it doesn’t appear in any of the breed standards. Some argue that the Gelber brand means mild sandy markings on the muzzle and feet, but most refer to the term tri-color which in all other breeds refers to tan points (muzzle, eyebrows, feet, chest, underside of tail).  Most information I have found, particularly in discussions with breeders who have actually seen this, refers to actual tan points. Finding a true definition of what it means has thus far proven impossible. Georgina Byrne talks about it in her book, and even in her discussion with German fanciers she found that there is disagreement as to what it really is. She referred to it as “what amounts to tricolor with its allowed ‘sandy colour’ on the muzzle and feet.” The FCI standard at that time stated “slight tendency to sandy colour around the muzzle and feet is permissible.”  However she also states that “one would expect that a tricolored GSP would have markings similar to those of, for example, a tricolored spaniel.” The standard now currently states in English: “yellow tan markings are permissible.” Gelb is german for yellow. Braune is German for tan. Perhaps “Gelber brand” could even be a bad translation of “yellow tan”?

Breed Standards

Wayne Cavanaugh, past UKC President, past AKC VP, judge for both registries, and current Chairman for UKC wrote the following breakdown on GSP colors and the breed standards.

It’s said that diehards on the east coast see the map of the USA differently: to them, it’s a giant NYC on one coast, a giant LA on the other, with some insignificant corn states in the middle. What does this have to do with German Shorthair Pointer colors? Well, we live on a very big planet – color in GSPs is only a topic among some purists in some places. No one else cares nor should they because, clearly, it does not impact the breed’s health and function. To put it in perspective, there are 196 countries in the world, 94 have dog registries, Only two countries on the planet have a registry that disallows black GSPs and one of those two has other registries that do allow both liver and black.

 Of the 94 countries that have dog registries, 91 have registries that are members of the Fédération Cynologique Internationale (FCI). The FCI is the largest dog organization in the world; all 91 FCI member registries use the same FCI breed standards. When the FCI writes a breed standard, it yields to and relies on the country of origin. As you may have guessed, Germany is a full FCI member, and therefore the FCI standard is indeed the standard of the country of origin. The FCI standard allows liver and black colors for GSPs – blacks and livers are also both acceptable with or without “yellow tan markings,” the markings that result from the seemingly genetically insignificant ‘at at’ allele that lives in the A locus for color. If you attend dog shows in any of those 91 FCI countries, you could see all of those colors and markings represented in the ring. Yes, the ‘at at’ marker is alive and well in GSPs all around the world, though as we know, it is usually suppressed by the K locus.

 There are only three (non-third world) countries with all-breed registries that are not FCI members: USA, Canada, and England. Accordingly, there are virtually only 3 all-breed registries in the world that do not allow yellow and tan markings.

Only two of the 23 countries in North America have all-breed registries that are not FCI members: the USA and Canada. The AKC general information page explains that GSPs come in 8 colors and 3 markings including liver and black, but any color other than liver is a disqualification. The CKC standard states that colours other than liver and white are not permitted. Interestingly though, AKC and CKC both register GSPs that are other than liver and they allow them to compete in all of their events except conformation shows.

 The KC, England, allows blacks and livers in their show rings but unlike the FCI standard, their standard has a parenthetical remark stating “(not tri-colour)” in the colour section. Unlike the AKC and CKC, the KC, England, only grants registration to black or liver GSPs as described in their breed standard.

 Color disqualifications may keep certain colors and markings out of some show rings in some countries. They cannot, however, keep the colors and marking that have always naturally occurred in GSPs everywhere in the world out of the  much larger gene pool. Nor should they. Liver and black GSPs with or without yellow tan markings have occurred naturally since the breed’s beginning as is evidenced in the GSP root breeds, including the scent hounds and pointing breeds. The colors and markings do not hinder the GSPs work in the field as is evidenced by dogs that have been successful all over the world. They do not effect or impair the dog’s health in any way. The only other reasonable criteria for color in any breed is to rule out evidence of impure breeding. Simple enough; yellow tan markings produced by the unsuppressed ‘at at’ marker at the A locus naturally occur and are clearly and genetically not a result of impure breeding. Red or orange markings on liver or black GSPs that are not a result of the unsuppressed ‘at at’ marker are identifiable results of unnecessary crosses.

I would only add to this that the UKC standard, which is aligned with the German standard, states that “tan markings are permissible.” I would also add that Wayne teaches UKC Judging seminars across the country and I would encourage any breeder or purebred dog enthusiast to go. I have sat through several and it never gets old for me—the knowledge I’ve gained from those is invaluable.

Genetics/coat colors

This is where it gets super sticky for me. Genetics hurt my head a bit.  With the help of Dr. Jim Edwards, geneticist and previous Director of DNA at AKC, Wayne Cavanaugh, and Jen Grahn, scientist at UC Davis, they have explained this to me from the genetics perspective, and I will attempt to explain it as simply as I can, because it’s not as straightforward as you might think. It’s not just one gene here at play but two, and one is dependent on the other.

First we have to look at the “dominant black”, or solid gene. It’s not what you think, not necessarily for the color black in GSP’s in the traditional sense. (Those are the B and b genes for color, whether the dog is liver or black, but they don’t come into play here.) Basically, this gene determines whether or not the gene for tan markings can occur, and has nothing to do with roan, ticking, or patch patterns. The two that come into play with GSP’s are:

K- dominant black, which means solid with no tan

k – recessive non-black, which means non-solid could happen

So, K is DOMINANT black which means even if a dog is Kk, it will not have tan regardless of what gene they have for tan markings. A dog with two recessive non-blacks (kk) could show tan markings, dependent on what genes they have for tan markings.

What are the genes for tan markings? Tan points come under the Agouti, or A series of alleles.  There are 4, but only 2 occur in GSP’s:

at– allele for tan points

a-allele for recessive black

In order for tan points to occur, the dog must first be kk recessive non-black in order for the at gene to express, and must also be a at or at at to actually display tan markings. It can occur no matter what the B gene is—that part is irrelevant. So, even if a dog is at at , if it is first KK or Kk, the tan will not show but the dog will carry the tan point gene.

UC Davis already tests for these genes, but haven’t done so specifically in GSP’s. They have tested for dilutes, and found that a lot of dogs carry the at  gene, but as demonstrated, you must first determine what K alleles they are carrying. We ran my Ozzy, my Sue, his littermate Rosie, and his dam June as a test case. I thought for sure since Ozzy has produced a pup with tan points, he would come back with the  at gene. Following were the results:

June

Female (Dam)

Liver Roan Patch & Ticked

Dominant Black:     K/K

Agouti :     at/at

 

Ozzy

Male(Sire)

Black Roan Patch & Ticked

Dominant Black:     K/k

Agouti :     a/a

 

Sue

Male (offspring)

Black Roan & Ticked

Dominant Black:     K/K

Agouti :     at/a

 

Rosie

Female (offspring)

Black Roan Patch & Ticked

Dominant Black:     K/K

Agouti :     at/a

What does that all mean?  Well, even though June has the at gene, it doesn’t matter because she carries dominant black so it cancels those out, and the same with the puppies. Even if they were bred to another that carried the at gene, it won’t express or matter because they are dominant black (solid). Kind of like you can’t have a black GSP without a black parent—same thing here.

Now Ozzy is different than what we expected. He doesn’t even carry the tan gene; the dominant black gene means no tan color comes through on him physically. But, because he has a recessive non-solid gene (k), if bred to a female with a recessive non-solid gene AND an at gene, tan marked pups could result.

Where do we go from here?

In my current situation, I have recommended that the pups be sold with limited registration or even withholding papers. Although the color is acceptable under UKC and German standards, as is black, and technically I could take one of these into the UKC show ring, it is not accepted in the GSP community in this country as a whole. There is still plenty of controversy over black GSP’s in America but that continues to change, and they are much more welcomed in the hunting groups as there are also a great many DK’s. But this tan coloring is quite rare and causes quite an uproar and as such is very undesirable at this time. With so little known or understood about it, I would be concerned about people obtaining a pup and breeding solely just to try to get more of this color. It’s concerning when breeding is done solely for ANY color, whether it’s acceptable or not. However, I don’t think a good dog should be thrown out of the gene pool simply because this could potentially happen. Now with this information to understand it and UC Davis genetic testing, we can DNA test for it to prevent it from happening, and no need to throw out the baby with the bathwater so to speak.

For me personally, any future potential females should be DNA tested first for the dominant black test. If the female comes back KK, no worries. If she comes back as Kk or kk, then she must be tested for at . If she carries one, then the breeding could result in tan puppies. But if she is then a/a like Ozzy, once again no worries. The likelihood of a female having both a recessive non-solid gene AND the tan point gene is apparently fairly low, which is why no tan puppies have appeared in Ozzy’s litters until now. With all I have learned, it’s not such a big deal as I first thought in my initial reaction: it’s not connected to any health issue and has nothing to do whatsoever with function, but is something that should be in the back of all GSP breeders’ minds.

Sources:

Der Deutsch Kurzhaar, The German Shorthaired Pointer, Georgina Byrne

The New German Shorthaired Pointer, C. Bede Maxwell

GSPCA Breeder’s Education Series: History and Origin of the Breed, Joan Tabor

Pointing Dog Blog: Breed of the Week: The Wurttemberger, Craig Koshyk

Pointing Dogs Volume One: The Continentals; German Shorthaired Pointer, Craig Koshyk

Dog Coat Color Genetics, Jessica Chappell, at http://www.doggenetics.co.uk/index.htm

Canine Coat Color, at http://www.vetgen.com/canine-coat-color.html

Special thanks to the following:

Jen Grahn, scientist at UC Davis Veterinary Medicine Genetics Laboratory

Dr. James Edwards, geneticist,  previous Director of DNA at AKC, DNA consultant for UKC

Wayne Cavanaugh, Chairman of UKC, previous president of UKC

Conversations with many GSP and DK breeders, some of whom have produced tri-colored GSP’s.